Since the mid 1990s the internet has been replete with hypothesis and speculation on the Christian Bible’s prophetic nature regarding the ‘man of lawlessness’ or ‘the man of sin’ aka. the beast, the number of the beast and the mark of the beast, http://biblehub.com/revelation/13-16.htm

In early 1997 I was blogging on this topic and am still blogging regarding this in 2016. The following is my 1997 blog page   http://www.reocities.com/Athens/olympus/7771/666.htm …that was a long time ago… in those days reocities was geocities … Since then we had the proliferation of RFIDs and micro-chipping pets has become a must and I must add that this is a good thing if one desires to bring his pet safely back home following the said pet’s escapade. However, Revelation speaks of a forced wearing (imprinting, tattooing, receiving) of the ‘mark of the beast’ on the right hand or forehead, please read through Revelation. And like all things forced one must regard this with suspicion, distrust if not disgust. http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-31042477 ‘Office puts chips under staff’s skin’. Other technologies which could be used in times of severe oppression include tracking devices of every sort. Lest we forget the recent USSR and Stasi spying structures which depended also on neighbours or citizens spying on each other lest some new threat or ideology would emerge and bring to nought all the efforts of the elite. (New technology keeps popping up everywhere: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2372591/Google-planning-micro-chip-peoples-brains-Engineering-boss-says-sci-fi-style-technology-begin-helping-disabled-people-control-wheelchairs.html, https://sites.google.com/site/mindcontrolslave/brain-implant-victim-tips )

I can happily say that I am not the only one who speculates (or has speculated) on this ‘mark’, that is apart from 30 years of internet buzz, many, many years ago in a small pub somewhere in England (Oxford) a meeting occurred between certain Christian eminent writers and scientists, these being CS Lewis, JRR Tolkien and Arthur C Clarke. The meeting occurred for the sole premise to discuss the BEAST, or better, the Beast’s technology. As one can clearly see weird people always had a say in these affairs.

Arthur C Clarke is well known for his contribution to science and amongst other things his wiki page says the following, “…Clarke contributed to the popularity of the idea that geostationary satellites would be ideal telecommunications relays…” first describing this in 1945 (albeit Nikola Tesla having suggested similar technology way before this date) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_C._Clarke#The_Geostationary_communications_satellite Dr Clarke was peeved when reading CS Lewis’s Space Trilogy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Space_Trilogy .

‘Peeved’ because in CS Lewis’s Space Trilogy (which was written as a result of an agreement between himself and JRR Tolkien – Tolkien had to produce a time-travel story/essay – while Lewis a space-travel story which resulted in ‘The Cosmic Trilogy’) Lewis created an evil scientist who was at first completely atheist and later transformed into a spiritualist – an adherent and follower of the chief spirit of the planets, I fail to describe that scientist better. The scientist kidnaps Ransom an English language philologist (just like Dr Lewis & Tolkien) and transports him to a planet with the sole intention of mining its precious metals – gold. Story apart here is copied and pasted Arthur C Clarke’s own words on the space-trilogy and CS Lewis –

“Less sympathetic to our aims was Dr. C. S. Lewis, author of two of the very few works of space fiction that can be classed as literature -– ‘Out of the Silent Planet’ and ‘Perelandra’ (and may I add ‘The Hideous Strength’). Both of these fine books contained attacks on scientists in general, and astronauts in particular, which aroused my ire. I was especially incensed by a passage in ‘Perelandra’ referring to ‘…little Interplanetary Societies and Rocketry Clubs’…” http://oxfordinklings.blogspot.com/2007/06/arthur-c-clarke-cs-lewis.html

Well weren’t the societies ‘little’ in those early days? Those societies were so little that when the German rocket scientist Wernher von Braun http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wernher_von_Braun worked with his American counterpart (pre-WW2) the American Government overlooked the whole matter, considering that the whole rocket science issue was irrelevant. However when NAZI V2 rockets landed on London the whole matter was viewed differently of course. If the American government of the time didn’t waste much effort in developing rocketry for offensive measures why should Arthur C Clarke be annoyed at CS Lewis’s comment, a man who lived in those same pre-ww2 years?

If one had to read through the space-trilogy ‘The Cosmic Trilogy’ it would seem clear that CS Lewis does not criticize astronauts or space travel, however, he conjured evil astronauts and evil scientists. And why not? we obviously do know for certain that such evil can penetrate anyone’s minds including men and women of science and this ‘phenomenon’ has occurred and will keep occuring. Actually if I may add, Arthur C Clarke was somewhat happy to mention that CS Lewis’s wife was “… one of the White Horse gang…” http://tothelastword.com/interviewer/arthur-c-clarke/ “4: An 18th C. pub at 52 Broad Street, Oxford, near the entrance to Balliol College. A group overlapping with the Inklings (C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien and Charles Williams and other writers and teachers) met there during WWII. The pub is also thought to have been the favourite of Inspector Morse.”

‘… A group overlapping with the inklings…’ – that is the description given in the website, however, the Inklings met at the University on Mondays and at the pub on Thursday mornings, and the pub was actually ‘the pubs’ for they met at different pubs. I am not too sure about this statement being that the ‘white horse’ was an overlap of the Inklings, for ‘white horse’ always conjures up in my mind bizarre philosophies associating ‘the white horse’ with the Apocalypse’s horseman – in this case the white horse – with the antichrist ie the beast, because the white horse (and especially its rider) seem to be equivalent with and represent ‘victory’ or ‘victory at all costs’. Though, in my humble opinion I honestly think that if this were the case people have this interpretation quite pretty wrong. For the horsemen in the Apocalypse, aka Revelation, are chastisements emerging when the good Lord (Jesus Christ) breaks the 7 seals, but who am I a sinner to interpret this passage properly? If this were so then the man of sin or the man of absolute victory is nothing more than a preordained chastisement prophesied since the early days of the Babylonian Empire, not much of a new and unexpected thing I would say. https://catholicsouthernfront.wordpress.com/2013/10/05/daniels-prophecies/

Anyway, antichrists and horsemen apart lets get back to the meeting at that pub in Oxford. Arthur C Clarke goes on, “…an extensive correspondence with Dr. Lewis led to a meeting in a famous Oxford pub, the Eastgate… Needless to say, neither side converted the other. But a fine time was had by all, and when, some hours later, we emerged a little unsteadily from the Eastgate, Dr. Lewis’ parting words were, ‘I’m sure you’re very wicked people-but how dull it would be if everyone was good’. ” … quotes need proper referencing so here you go, I’m copying and pasting this comment too, “Cybrarian said…

Everyone on the internet seems to be citing this quote from the wrong date. Please correct this. Correct citation is Holiday, May 1963, v. 33, issue 5, pp. 94-95, 175, 178, 184. Title and author are correct. Quote cited is on page 175.” http://oxfordinklings.blogspot.com/2007/06/arthur-c-clarke-cs-lewis.html

Elsewhere, over the vast internet we can also read the following:

“Arthur C. Clarke was a a relentless advocate of the exploration of space from the mid 1930s forward. Again mid 1930s was indeed pre WW2 and yes they were hobbyists those rocket science societies and no one actually took them seriously (apart from Herr Hitler of course) Arthur C Clarke corresponded with C.S. Lewis,who, in addition to writing one of the best fantasy books ever written The Voyage of the Dawn Treader, wrote Perelandra andOut of the Silent Planet – two good SF novels. Lewis believed that it was bad to spread the evils of humanity to other worlds. He thought that the history of man was one long evil conquest of the earth and that it would be terrible if we started conquering other beings in space. Clarke and Lewis finally met in a pub to argue it out – with the help of a few pints.”

Considering that Hitler used rocket science to attempt his NAZI destruction of London I suppose that Lewis had a point (& a pint) when conjuring an evil scientist didn’t he?? What about Arthur C Clarke’s great optimism and great vision? wasn’t it slightly skewed in favor of those great promises and visions we seem to fall in love with before such technologies are actually used against us? And if so then the technology of the Beast is today a very well known matter indeed and this same technology is permitting blanket surveillance on a planetary level, which I must add is very insecure and is creating those ‘prison-like’ conditions mentioned clearly in Revelation. Add cashless transactions and a possible world dictator to the sociological/political/religious soup and Revelation has unravelled before your very eyes!!

From Voices in the Sky by Arthur C. Clarke:

An extensive correspondence with Dr. Lewis led to the a meeting in a famous Oxford pub, the Eastgate. Seconding me was my friend, Val Cleaver, a space buff from way back (and now chief engineer of the Rolls Royce Rocket Division). Supporting Lewis was Professor J. R. R. Tolkien, whose trilogy, The Lord of the Rings created a considerable stir a few years ago. Needless to say, neither side converted the other, and we refused to abandon our diabolical schemes of interplanetary conquest. But a fine time was had by all, and when, some hours later, we emerged a little unsteadily from the Eastgate, Dr. Lewis’s parting words were “I’m sure you are very wicked people – but how dull it would be if everyone was good.”

I am enjoying Voices in the Sky, but sadly I will finish it on this evening’s bus ride. ” http://www.cthreepo.com/blog/2009/04/arthur-c-clarke-vs-c-s-lewis-and-j-r-r-tolkien

So, pints and all, there was this debate between eminent minds where the notions of geostationary communications satellites were discussed together with the ideas that modern telecommunications would pave the way to the possible BEAST scenario, as described in Revelation. http://tothelastword.com/interviewer/arthur-c-clarke/

Many many years later what truly can we say? was JRR Tolkien inspired by this when he wrote the Lord of the Rings? Would the Ring be a sort of Mark of the Beast? Are the palantir stones akin to modern-day communications and can truly Sauron control Saruman’s mind through such palantir? how would the future ‘internet of things’ fit into this world-view?

Well this is just the beginning, what about those outlandish theories on the Singularity and the unhindered evolution of artificial intelligence and synthetic biology ??


All this development is interesting if we had to also comment on the warnings issued today by Elon Musk and Bill Gates among others highlighting the possible dangers of ‘over’ developed artificial intelligence. Mr Musk dared also compare the rise of artificial intelligence to the ‘demon’ – why should we be surprised? The whole world has been twisted into submission by inter-continental legal treaties on the control of communications and the violation of every citizen’s privacy (obviously due to terrorism and for no other reason).

– http://techcrunch.com/2014/10/26/elon-musk-compares-building-artificial-intelligence-to-summoning-the-demon/

Bill Gates – http://www.cnet.com/uk/news/bill-gates-is-worried-about-artificial-intelligence-too/

Google’s Eric Schmidt doesn’t see it this way though! He prefers a world where the human being walks in a room and interacts with sensors, a ‘dynamic’ environment… Before the computer era, the internet and mobile telephone technology took over this world, spies used small microphones and little recorders and small miniature cameras, today this technology is everywhere (connected 24/7 thx to all our smart phone ip addresses), tomorrow with the dawn of the ‘internet of things’ we will see cameras and microphones in every home appliance beaming 24/7 via base station mobile technology to satellites and world data centers. At present the 3 snakes rule the environment of data collection and data capture being psychological warfare, the occult influence and artificial intelligence, soon the occult and the demon together with the supercomputer will cut off the middle-man that is mankind, it is already happening, cctv cameras from all over the world are streaming video data live to these new super computers which are feeding and learning …

Google’s Eric Schmidt – http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2922460/Google-s-Eric-Schmidt-claims-internet-disappear-life-gets-connected-says-robots-WON-T-world.html

Google’s Deep Mind Plans to Create a Computer Able to Program Itself | The Mind Unleashed http://ow.ly/GCqIn https://www.facebook.com/britanniamalls/posts/1560189537526626

How The CIA Made Google Some background info on Google – http://www.mintpressnews.com/cia-made-google/201521/

There are many other factors and details which could have been discussed in this blog, how to end this better than to spare a few lines on the wild wild west the internet and the wireless internet have become. Many various states and aggressive countries have managed to collect data on state organisation and structures through hacking and through the acquisition (buying) of data in bulk from private companies whose sole aim is to record everything about any world citizen… this relatively new phenomenon could also speed up clashes and wars between age old rivalries and cultures resulting in none other than ancient wars of religion. Thus, artificial intelligence, the demon, the BEAST and the MARK of the Beast !!!

Lest we forget IBM ‘s involvement in WW2 – a perfect example how cold machines can loyally behave as subjects of the demon aka the Beast – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_during_World_War_II

An American researcher by the name of Texe Marrs wrote this book titled ‘Project LUCID’ in 1996, for those of you who prefer youtube here is Mr Marrs updated research, mind you he doesnt’t seem to be a reptilian, nor from Mars (though this man might be anti-Semitic and I do not condone his views on this matter) – Project LUCID – LOGICAL UNIVERSAL COMMUNICATIONS INTERACTIVE DATABASE – http://youtu.be/vCHclFci16M



As per my raw comments on Facebook 31/12/14 (and slightly improved) … on Occult Fundamentalism … there is much much more to say on this subject …

The concept of the Adam Kadmon is pure occult. It is now being incorporated in EU transgender laws, & disguised as human sexual rights. We are living during an Occult Fundamentalist period… I would call this neither Liberal nor Progressive, it is pure Pagan / Occult… here below I will produce a few (of the extensive) quotes from occult texts particularly Freemasonry, which will show that such laws backing multiculturalism, transgender laws, freedom of worship, separation of church and state, globalism are no ‘progressive / liberal’ revolutionary political ambitions but have their origins in hidden secret societies and occult literature which are fundamentally inspired from historical paganism, witchcraft, and satanic ritual! (there goes your separation of church and state!)

It is Freemasonry which pushes for the ‘separation of church and state’ as first suggested by Thomas Jefferson in 1802 (who was neither a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1787, nor of the first Congress under the Constitution which passed the Bill of Rights in the USA) …

According to Freemasonry’s greatest philosopher, Manly P. Hall (The Secret Destiny of America) – “… Today’s thinking toward a democratic world state is neither a new trend nor an accidental circumstance; the work of setting up the background of knowledge necessary to the establishing of enlightened democracy among all nations has been carried on for many hundreds of years by secret societies” – in this quote the author states that western democracy is equivalent to a Masonic democracy – well, he is placing all the merits of western policies for democracy squarely and flatly on the ‘speculative’ craft Freemasonry and other secret societies, such as Illuminism…

On Globalism – Pat Robertson, The New World Order, World Publishing, p. 6. says that as early as 1780 the Illuminati (a secret society within the craft Freemasonry) stated that “It is necessary to establish a universal regime and empire over the whole world.” – That was the earliest view on worldwide Globalism which has taken root today in our various political world spheres…

Regarding the ‘freedom of worship’ laws passed in our new world political assemblies, we can also trace such beginnings in occult literature – monotheistic religions also emphasize that freedom of worship is a right… rightly so, however today’s laws will enforce this in such a way that all religions must be worshiped in all places, equally, removing historical connections with specific religions and regions, for example ‘Malta = Catholic’ will change into ‘Malta = Multi-Religious’ (or irreligious when considering pagans or atheists) – A quote taken from the New Age Magazine, September 1950 (previously called The Scottish Rite Journal of Freemasonry Southern Jurisdiction) “God’s plan is dedicated to the unification of all races, religions and creeds. This plan, dedicated to the new order of things, is to make all things new – a new nation, a new race, a new civilisation and a new religion, a nonsectarian religion that has already been recognised and called the religion of ‘The Great Light’ –  Supreme Council of the 33rd degree… Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, Southern Jurisdiction, USA The new Age Magazine p 551 September 1950… a clear example taken from occult literature on the origins of many legal and political elements and ideas which make part of our modern world’s ‘Human Rights, NGO aims and objectives, European Union laws, UN rights etc etc etc …

When considering the phrase ‘Liberal and Progressive’ one would immediately assume that when adopting this slogan an entity or a ‘political party’ would become ‘enlightened’ and superior to the Conservative who wallows in the thick mire of religion, tradition and other attachments to ignorance and the RCC… But… when one digs deeper and finds or discovers that there is no true separation of church and state in a society which adopts all Religions at one go, there is no true separation of church and state if said politicians are simply following the teachings of secret societies who themselves worship (most worshipful indeed) all the gods of the pantheon and all the gods which mankind has invented from the day since Noah has emerged from the Ark … How is Freemasonry defined as the embodiment of ‘separation of church and state’ when it worships all those pagan gods ?? including obviously and unmentioned ‘mammon or money’ ? … how progressive and liberal are those women (such as femen and pussy riot) who are more akin to witches disguised as lesbian-feminists (who hate and utterly detest the male member) a rage unleashed by the powers of iniquity to such a high point as to snatch a statue of the Christ Child from a manger in Rome on Christmas Day and while screaming out as though in pain exclaim that “God is a woman” ???

On transgender issues one can read the EUs view here http://fra.europa.eu/en/theme/lgbt … however, how much of these human rights are disguised occult teachings and practices and have no true psychological (or ‘born this way’ human-nature) but are the produce of sociologically induced and occult motivated agendas ? I’m quoting a description on the Adam Kadmon from a book called Codex Magica by Texe Marrs who says Pg 264 that… “The androgyne, a combination creature of male and female, symbolizes the hermaphrodite principle of the two-faced entity or two-headed eagle. In the Jewish Cabala, this strange creation of the feminine and masculine principle is known as ‘Adam Kadmon’ both adam and eve, a golem. This conjunction of opposites is part of the science of alchemy, or hermeticism, and is especially beloved by occult magicians. In witchcraft, it is known as the joining of sun and moon, and sacred sex rituals are common…” So, the EU is incorporating traditional Cabala teachings, alchemy, hermeticism, magik, witchcraft, Conchita Wurst and Lady Gaga and placing all in a soup, a great body of laws… prosit heyy… Separation of church and state? really?


Il-Ghanja tas-Seba’ Gherien – The tale of the Seven Caves

The following is a Maltese ‘Poema’ written by Dr George Zammit. In commemoration of the 57th year that this Maltese ‘Poema’ was written I was granted permission by his family to represent ‘Il-Ghanja tas-Seba’ Gherien’ in this blog. George Zammit is well known for other poems such as “Il-Ghanja tas-Seba’ Nicec” and “Ir-Rubajjat ta’Omar Khajjam”. There is something primordial deep within the human psyche which whispers and finds form only in subterranean places especially in caves. “Il-Ghanja tas-Seba’ Gherien – The tale of the Seven Caves” is a Maltese poet’s journey, or rather a visit of Maltese caves having their own historical links and meanings. The poet admits that many other caves could have been included, I could think of Ghar Dalam, the cave beneath St Dominic’s Church in Rabat, l-Ghar ta’ l-Isperanza in Mosta, Our Lady’s Cave in Mellieha, and other caves off limits of Imgarr used by the early proto-Christians. However, the poet wished to include only two caves with a religious connotation. Interestingly, included amongst the 7 caves is a reference to a cave pertaining to ‘mythical history.’ This is Calypso’s Cave. The poet wishes to place it in Malta rather than in Gozo. This should not be a problem once the poet has identified such with Homer’s Calypso’s Cave, though I am quite intrigued how Homer – a blind poet – came to know of the existence of such caves on Islands far away from his own Country. Did he catch word about these from some ancient Greek mariner or maybe visiting the Islands in his youth was caught up himself and kept here by some local beauty? If Homer’s Calypso entertained, Hasan’s Maltija was harassed and had an untimely death. Anyhow, here below I am also attaching links to other tales which I find quite particularly sobering.
The Cave of Treasures –




Dahla tal-Poeta – Poet’s Intro.
Il-Ghanja tas-Seba’ Gherien
Lil kull min, bhali, ihobb u jghozz il-gieh tal-Gzejjer taghna.
Il-Ghanja tas-Seba’ Gherien ghandha titqies bhala tewmija mal-Ghanja tas-Seba’ icec. Fin-“Nicec” ir-ruh soghbiena ssib il-farag u t-tama; fl-“Gherien” il-qalb Maltija ssib x’iheggigha ghall-imhabba lejn artna biex il-Maltin ikunu jistghu jharsu lejn iz-zmien li gej bhala zmien ta gid u gieh, izda dejjem imsejjes fuq dak li missirijietna bnewlna bil-prezz ta’dmugh, xoghol, ghaqal, imhabba, tjubija u demm.
F’kull zmien Malta kellha wlied qalbiena. Izda f’kull zmien sabet min iweggghalha ‘l qalbha.
Ghalhekk seba’ gerhiet, seba’ gherien, seba’ zjarat.
Fuq l-ghazla li ghamilt tal-Gherien forsi xi hadd jghid li stajt dahhalt gherien bhal ma huma l-Ghar tal-Madonna tal-Mellieha, u l-Grotta tar-Rabat. Izda dan ma stajtx naghmlu: l-ewwel minhabba n-numru ta’sebgha, li jorbtok sewwa; imbaghad ghax ma ridtx indahhal aktar minn ghar wiehed ta’ tifsir religjuz ghal kull wahda miz-zewg gzejjer taghna – San Brinkat ghal Malta, u San Frangisk ghal Ghawdex; billi dan il-poema huwa aktarx patrijottiku milli religjuz.
Ebda movement politiku m’ghandi f’rasi f’dawn il-versi. Inhobb minn qiegh qalbi lil kull min habb jew ihobb lil din artna kif habbewha u ghozzewha u mietu ghaliha missirijietna. Din l-imhabba nixtieqha titnissel fil-qlub ta’ l-ulied kollha ta’ dawn il-gzejjer.
Biex Malta zzomm il-post ta’gieh li dejjem kellha; maqtugha mill-Kontinent, izda tarka tieghu kif uriet l-istorja mill-ibghad zminijiet sa zmienna; zghira izda kbira fil-qlubija ta’wliedha; fqira ghax imcahhda minn gid li n-Natura tefghet fuq artijiet ohra, izda mhix tallaba; (le tridx tmur) u mkabbra b’uliedha, bi gmielha, bi twemminha.

Instemghet fil-berah is-sejha
Ta’ seher qawsalli:
U qalbi wegbitha.
Imxennaq ghall-gabra tax-xaghri,
Ghall-btala tal-gholja u tal-wita, 5
Ghad-dahka melliesa li biha
Taf tferrah lill-qlub ir-Rebbiegha;
Imsahhar minn holma ta’holma;
Ghajjien mit-tizwiq
Ghammiexi, qarrieq 10
Ta’ hajja bla dija, warajja
Hallejt daghbien il-kefrija
Li ssaltan fejn tahkem ir-reghba,
Fejn tifrex ghanqbutha l-mibeghda,
Fejn tisreg in-nixfa tal-frugha 15
U sserrep tbissima
Midfuna that ghasel il-hazen,
Il-frieghi, fejn hazen
Hazna ta’ lwien l-istagun,
Xejruli, sejhuli; u minn ruhi 20
Ittajret il-ghajta ta’ferh:
“Hekk ikun!”
Ejja mieghi
U duq, int ukoll, dmugh il-warda,
Nisel il-hniena, 25
U ixrob l-inbid tan-nixxiegha
Li jhenni bla jsakkar;
U tghammex bid-deheb tal-lelluxa
U zeffen lil qalbek maz-zifna
Tax-xitla ferrieha; 30
U tkebbeb fis-shaba ta’fwieha
Tas-saghtar; u tghammed bix-xita
Ta’ lwien il-blanzuni, misruqa
Minn bewsa ta’ ziffa zaghzugha;
U trekken 35
Ma’ hdan il-harruba hanina
Biex trazzan il-vlegeg il Marzu
Jaf jaghti lix-xemx; jew biex tahrab
Xi raxxa berrieda.
Ghax jaf ukoll Marzu Marzellu 40
Jahraqlek il-moxt u r-rixtellu.
Imbaghad erga’ fittex id-dija
Li tmidd qalb il-hdura l-moghdija
– Moghdija li sserrep, imzejna
Bil-kalci safrani tal-qares; 45
Gwejdin, kahlanin tal-fidloqqom,
Bil-vjola jew l-abjad
Li x-xewka taf tbennen go hobbha;
Bil-lehha 50
Tal-gniegel siktin ta-hafura;
Bit-twapet imzewqa, mifruxa
Fuq qniepen il-leblieba,
Fuq fided il-gargir,
Fuq habb-il-qamh jixxejjer 55
Bil-ferh irid itir;
F’irdieden il-bebuna
Fuq ponot xeht-ir-rih,
Fi hluq il-hannewwija,
Fi truf lehjet-ix-xih; 60
F’ward il-harira-hamra
Fid-dahka tal-berwieq,
Fil-vampa tal-papocci,
Fis-satra tal-hurrieq.
Ejja! Gmiel art twelidna 65
Sejhilna: Tichadhiex
Dis-sejha: u itlaq kollox
Wara spallejk. Ghaliex
Mhix harba, le, minn dmirna
Dil-girja ghal ghonq it-triq 70
Tal-gmiel li bih Gziritna
Ried jahzen il-Hallieq.
Il-gmiel igib l-imhabba,
L-imhabba tnissel dmir;
Id-dmir, artal li fuqu 75
Kull zrara gawhra ssir.
Mela ejja: ssahhar mieghi
Bi gmiel il-Gzejjer taghna.
Imla bl-imhabba ‘l qalbek,
Imla lil ruhek bl-ghana.80
Imbaghad, flimkien, nahilfu
Imhabba ma tmut qatt:
Nahilfu li minn qalbna
‘L artna ma jbeghedha hadd.
Fost l-artijiet mill-icken 85
Ried Alla din il-Gzira,
Kif fost il-ward, mohbija
Il-warda tat-Tifkira
Li ghandha ghajnejn is-sema
Fil-hemda tal-widien, 90
Tbissima xxoqqlok qalbek,
Tkellmek minghajr ilsien
X’hin, b’kelma siekta, tghaxxaq
Is-saltna tal-haxix
U thenni l-qalb li gharfet 95
L-imhabba: “Tinsinix.”
Hekk artna. Fi ckunitha
Ried jifrex il-Mulej
Sema bhan-nir kahlani,
Il-kenn ta’ blat feddej; 100
Xemx tisreg fuq ix-xaghri,
Is-seher tal-widien,
Il-barka t’ajru gwejjed,
Il-milja tal-holqien,
F’kull dahla fejn il-bahar 105
Jithannex bla mistrieh
Magenb il-gebel ggant
Daqs kemm jarah sabih;
F’kull handaq, fejn il-qasab
Idur mal-wied bhal frill; 110
F’ras kull irdum, fejn jghammru
Il-bilbla wil-merill.
F’kull gholja li tittawwal
Fuq raba’, rhula, bliet;
Fis-swar, fejn, ghal gieh ommhom 115
Ixxerred demm l-ulied;
F’kull ghar li fih jinstemghu
Jidwu grajjiet iz-zmien
Biex dak li gej le jtebba’
Is-safa ta’ li kien; 220
Biex Malta tibqa’ Malta
Biex had giehha ma jtemm;
Biex demmha jibqa’ demmha
U safi minn kull semm.
Ghalhekk, fil-wahx li joghgob, 125
Fil-mohbi tal-Gherien,
Fis-sahra nfittxu xrara
Li taghlef dawl ghajjien.
Instemghet fil-berah is-sejha
Ta’ seher l-imhabba 130
U qalbi semghetha.
U firex is-seher dak l-ghata
Li dejjem hakem u seraq
Bi gmielu,
Biz-zifna ta’ fewga ghannejja, 135
Bil-hgejjeg tas-silla,
Bil-lehha ta’ weraq
Ta’ qlub il-Maltin, li habbewha, 140
Li bkewha ‘l dil-Gzira
Kull meta, mbeghdin, fit-tifkira
Ixxennqu ghall-kenn tas-swar taghha
Imkahhla bid-dmugh u bid-demm;
Li zejnu ‘l suritha 145
Bil-qawwa ta’ drieghhom;
Li mietu ghaliha,
Fuq fommhom tbissima,
Mil-ljieli ta’ Hagar il-Qima,
Tul jasar il-Mislem u s-sejha 150
Tal-lampa go hdanha mohbija;
Sar-rebha li zammet
Mixjet il-Quran; sal-herba
Li ghammdet Wied Qirda; san-nisga
Li qieghed fuq rasha midruba, le mjassra 155
Sultan, b’rahan ta’ gieh ghal nisilha.
“Smajt tisfira f’nofs ta’ bahar”
Ghanna lehen fil-widien.
“Smajt is-sejha t’art twelidi”
F’widien qalbi ghannejt jien.160
Ghax go qalbi baqghet tidwi
Dik il-ghajta, bla mistrieh:
Bhal qanpiena titlob hniena,
F’lejl imbikkem, mill-erwieh.
Mat-tnemnim ta’ l-ibghad kewkba, 165
F’kisret l-ghanja tal-ghasfur,
Mat-tperpir tal-weraq, smajtha
Sakemm qalbi riedet tfur,
Tfur bil-hniena, ghaliex f’dis-sejha
Kien hemm krib ta’ qalb mugugha; 170
Omm li rat li fost uliedha
Hafna sikru wara l-frugha
U kasbruha, u ghal hwejjigha,
Laghbu giehhom il-kefrin,
Ghad li dawk il-hwejjeg kienu 175
B’demm nisilhom imcappsin;
B’demm nisilhom, li gibilhom
L-oghla gieh quddiem il-gnus
Biex minn rigel il-barrani
Genshom qatt ma jkun mirfus. 180
Staqsejt harruba xiha: “X’ghandi naghmel
Biex dmugh pajjizi ntaffi?” Ziffa tniehdet
Bejn dawk il-frieghi mibrumin. – u ghabet.
Staqsejt cypress, mislut, tawwali, qisu
Talba ta’ hniena tielgha lejn is-sema: 185
Maz-ziffa tniehdet il-quccata, u siktet.
Staqsejt ghasfur imperrec fuq is-swaba’
Ta’ statwa ta’ l-Assunta. Bi twegiba
Ferfer gwinhajh u nheba qalb it-tiben
Tal-bejta mrekkna bejn il-hajt tan-nicca 190
U l-mewg ta’ ras il-vara.
U terraqt bla mistrieh; u t-triq wasslitni
Sal-kenn li z-znied kien naqqax f’Hal Saflieni.
Dhalt fil-Maqdes tal-Lehen. Meddejt rasi
Fil-hofra tat-twegib. Ftaht bibien qalbi 195
U t-tnehida li harget dwiet u kotrot
U hadet sura ta’ twegiba, hierga
Minn guf iz-zminijiet, b’lehen li jwahhax:–
“Kont Maleth, u sirt Melita.
Waqajt F’idejn il-Mislem li l-belt ewlenija 200
Laqqamli Mdina. Tqabdu ghal xtajtieti
Is-slaten ta’ l-Ewropa, sa ma sirt
Qawwiet San Gwann li razzan in-Nofs Qamar
Ma’ wliedi qalbenin. Ajkla Franciza
Giet f’isem il-helsien tirfes helsieni. 205
Dawn, is-sitt zminijiet li minn fuq rasi
Ghaddew. Iz-zmien tal-lum tafu bizzejjed.
Ghattewni b’mewgghom seba’ halel. Seba’
Wardiet ziduli l-gieh ta’ ismi. Seba’
Gerhiet nifduli ‘l qaqlbi, mfissra f’seba’ 210
Gherien, eghjun ta’ mhabba ghal min iqimhom,
Eghjun ta’ farag ghall-imnikta qalbi,
Eghjun ta’ sahha ghaz-zmien li gej. Mur zurhom”.
Ma dwawar is-Sigra tal-Hajja
Inbaram il-Lehen, U siket. 215
“Liema huma?” staqsejt. U mill-gdid
Smajt tidwi i-twegiba:
“Ghar in-Niket; Ghar il-Qedem;
Ghar il-Gmiel li ma jafx tmiem;
Ghar il-Qawwa; Ghar l-Imhabba; 220
Ghar ir-Reqqa; Ghar is-Sliem”.
Ma’ dwawar is-Sigra Tal-Hajja
Inbaram il-Lehen. U skiet.
U sibt ruhi f’xifer xaghri
Fejn maqtugha, qisha, b’mingel, 225
L-art tispicca; u tahtek jimrah
Bahar skur daqs sema sajfi
F’lejl bla qamar. L-ewwel ragg
Lewn il-gawhar, fuq ix-xefaq
Kien ga deher; u bexxaq harstu 230
Jum hanin. Fil-blat imnaqqax,
Targa targa sibt passagg
F’genb is-sies imrekken, niezel
Safejn, qisu maskra Griega,
F’ghajta mnikkta jiftah fommu 235
Ghar mistur. Ghedt f’qalbi: “Dan
Ghar in-Niket, Ghar Hasan.”
Hitan imzewqin
B’ilwien il-qawsalla,
Mal-mixja tas-snin 240
Ebda eku ma halla
Il-biki ta’ dmija
Tat-Tfajla Maltija
Is-skiet biss iwiegeb,
U l-bahar li jgegweg 245
Ihares ghassies
That is-sies.
Ghajnejja draw id-dlam, Fuq il-lemin
Nilmah mina. Fid-dlam ta’ guf il-wahx
Nitkaxkar u nisserrep sa ma nasal 250
F’ghar iehor, jaghti wkoll ghal fuq il-bahar.
Hitan imzewqin
B’ilwien il-qawsalla,
M’hux hawn hajtu halla
L-Irsir, li kien jassar 255
Lit-Tfajla Maltija
U xtaq fiha jhassar
Bit-tebgha tal-htija
Lir-ruh Nisranija.
Is-skiet biss iwiegeb 260
U l-Hares ghassies
Igegweg bla mistrieh
Minn that is-sies.
Hitan imzewqin
B’ilwien il-qawsalla, 265
Kemm dwiet fikom l-ghajta
Li sejhet lil Alla:
Is-sejha ta’ l-ahhar
Ta’ ruh nisranija
Li rifdet il-hajja 270
Tat-Tfajla Maltija!
Is-skiet qisu jikber,
U l-Hares ghassies,
Ruh imnikkta, jitniehed that is-sies.
Bist fejn hajtek temmejt, Tfajla Maltija, 275
U hrigt fil-berah. Rajt, fuq ix-xellug
Profil il-Mara, dah’rha lejn il-Gzira,
Bil-qieghda, rasha wieqfa, thares hiemda
Lejn xtut il-Mislem, f’ghassa bla mistrieh.
Dawwar harstek u strieh, Mara hanina. 280
M’hux f’art il-Misilmin bejtet il-lifgha
Li trid teqirdek. Fittex fost uliedek.
It-tosku ghad ma hax. Ghadek fil-hin.
Siekta u mfarrka, f’bahar ta’ kobalt,
Imdehba b’dawl ix-xemx zaghzugha, Filfla. 285
Tbissmitli, bit-tbissim ta’ qalb imwegggha.
U fejn hi l-knisja, Gzira ckejkna, darba
Iz-zina ta’ sbuhitek, minn fejn dewa
Lehen qanpiena; u s-sajjied semaghha
U baxxa rasu, u gholla ruhu, u talab! 290
Bicca bicca hattewk ulied il-qilla.

Above: Ghar Hasan
Minn genna zghira sirt inkwina imhabbta
Minn id qerrieda, ghad li titbissem gwejda
U thares b’tama lejn ix-Xemx, li tistor
Grihietek b’seher dehebha.
Dak is-seher 295
Rajtu jixghel ukoll fuq il-lemin,
Lil Ras Artal – l-Artal, sur ta’ l-imghoddi
Qawwet illum, u tama tal-gejjieni.
Minn moghdija
Qalb ir-raba’ 300
Gbidt, xellugi,
Lejn Wied Znuber;
U fuq rihu
Bqajt ghaddej.
Lil Wied Babu 305
Tlaqt warajja.
Qsamt il-Qrendi.
Ghar-Rih Fuq
Gbidt, bla dhalt
Go l-Imqabba. 310
Sibt moghdija
Li haditni
Dritt ghal hdanek
Jo Wied Kandja.
Mal-lemin 315
Bqajt interraq
Sa’ ma dhalt
F’Wied Hanzir,
Li wassalni, jghanni l-ghanja
Tal-harrub u taz-zebbug 320
(Ghanja mfewha b’nifs is-saghtar,
B’nifs il-plejju,) sa fejn jidhol
Wied il-Qirda f’Wied il-Kbir.
Wara gebla, li fil-qedem
Kienu jgerbu bhal eghluq 325
Rajt jittawwal Ghar Hanzir.

Above: Ghar Hanzir
“Dan,” ghidt f’qalbi, “Ghar il-Qedem:
Ghammru fih issirijietna
F’lejl iz-zmien, qabel ma dehru
Il-bennejja ta’ l-Imnajdra.” 330
Dhalt fid-dlam tal-Ghar. Haddanni
Dlam iz-zmien. Twerziq li jtarrax
Zarzar, dewa, malli stenbhu,
Imwerwrin, friefet il-lejl
Bhal erwieh mitlufa, msewta, 335
Fejn it-tama qatt ma tbissmet,
Fejn il-biki biss isaltan;
Bhal erwieh mitlufa, sallbu
–Wild id-Dlam—minn genb ghal iehor.
Harbu hekk l-Allat tal-Qedem 340
Meta lehen ir-Razul
Dawwal gensna, u niesna nxtehtu
Dlonk quddiemu, kif jixxejjer
Quddiem rih hanin, is-sbul!
X’Allat kienu? Anqas isem 345
Ma waslilna! Liema nisel
Hawn kien ighammar? Xejn ma baqa’!
–Ghar meghjun minn id il-bniedem;
Gebla mresqa. Dahla mnaqqxa;
Aktar xejn. –Siket il-biza’ 350
Ta’ l-eghfiered. Regghu trekknu
F’hogor dlamhom li jghaqqadhom
Ma’ l-iljieli ta’ l-imghoddi.
Nisma’ biss zanzin imrazzan
Ta’ qtajjiet ta’ znazan suwed 355
Mghobbijin b’gid ir-Rebbiegha;
U madwari nara mnaqqxa
Mal-hitan mijiet ta’ slaleb.
Is-Salib isaltan sieket
Fuq l-Allat le sfaw fix-xejn! 360
Is-Salib, gieh ta’ l-imghoddi,
Is-Salib, dawl ta’ li gej.
Ressaqt xufftejja, u bist wiehed mis-slaleb,
U hrigt fix-xemx li tghammex. Fis-smewwiet
Gawhar u nir, smajt bilbla tghanni. Hdura 365
Li ttaffi griz il-blat kienet tixxiegher
Fil-hemda mbissma ta’ fil-ghodu kmieni.
Max-xellug u l-lemin rajt tahti jfannad
Il-Wied il-Kbir; quddiemi juri snienu
Wied Qirda, darba msoqqi b’demm min haseb 370
Lill-Maltin hrief, gwejdin quddiem min jirfes
Lil giehhom u ‘l twemminhom. Fuq ir-rih
Tal-Ghar jinfirex Hal Farrug, fejn darba
Saltnet knisja fis-skiet. Tgharrex ghalxejn
Ghaliha llum, ja pellegrin. Il-berah 375
Issa mahnuq, u l-ghanja tal-herruba
Inbidlet f’tarzna fejn izigg u jwerzaq
Il-mostru tal-metall, mirkeb l-ishab.
Harist lejn il-lemin, fejn bin il-biza’
Hazen il-blat in-nar. U dhalt f’Wied Qirda. 380
Wied il-Qirda,
Wied is-Sahha,
Wied il-Fidwa
Wied il-ghana 385
Ta’ l-aghsafar,
Fejn ihammar
Fuq tapit ta’
Hdura hienja 390
Fuq il-griz ta’
Blat hanin.
Wied il-Hemda
Fejn, go Knisja
Rajt issellem 395
Lil Marija:
Xbieha mzejna
B’ward il-Genna
Minn pinzell 400
Soru Maltija.
X’ghandek f’wiccek, ja Wied Qirda,
Li jfakkarna f’dak il-jum
Meta t-tosku tal-Barrani
F’demmu stess baqa’ mirdum? 405
Wiccek wick il-paci. Razzan,
Wildek, rghebt id-Dib. U donnha
Trid, f’dirghajn Elizabetta
Tordom ‘l hemmek, il-Madonna.
Wicc il-paci, wiccek. Izda 410
Ghadu jidwi, dak il-blat
Bit-twerziq tal-Ghadu, mbiccer,
Li bil-hajja radd is-swat.
Dak is-swat li ried isawtek,
Malta tieghi, omm hanina. 415
Izda sahhtek ghelbet: sawtet
Lil min sawwat lil twemminha.
That il-pont ta’ Triq Siggiewi
Bqajt ghaddej minn Wied il-Hesri
Sa Ta’ Brija, Dar is-Serh. 420
Minn Ta’ Brija, ghal Wied ix-Xaghri
Miexi bqajt. U bla dewmien
Tlaqt warajja l-Wied, fejn tgelgel
L-Ghajn il-Kbira, u mill-Girgenti
Tlajt, lemini, lejn Ta’ Zuta. 425
Bejn Ta’ Zuta u l-Buskett,
Max-xellug, tiftah moghdija;
Maghha gbidt. Go nofs ix-xaghra,
Fur ir-rih ta’ Bu Xih, 430
Rajt l-Gherien li mlew bil-ghageb
Lill-barrani bin Injazju
Li kien zarhom fuq stedina
Tal-Gran Mastru. Mohbijin,
Misturin mill-ghajn gharriexa, 435
Mit-tbissima ta’ stmerrija
Ta’ min ghama ghad-dawl imqaddes
Ta’ musbieh missirijietna,
Jitrekknu l-Gherien
That xifer imnaqqax 440
Fix-xaghra fejn l-ahdar
U l-vjola tas-saghtar
Iferrah lill-andar
Tal-moghxa. Madwarha
L-ghajn tilmah is-saltna 445
Tal-berah u s-skiet,
Miksura mill-ghanja
Ta’ bilbla hanina
Mohbija fi shaba,
Nebbieha tal-hena 450
Li s-skiet biss jaf jaghti.
Mill-erba’ rjieh tara
Mimduda max-xaghra,
Kull tant mohbijin
That gebel hitanha, 455
Zewg zewg, rahan il-ghaqda,
Ir-raded tar-roti
Fil-blat imniffdin:
Tifkira ta’ min
Fl-gherien ta’ dix-xaghra 460
Midd, bl-gharaq ta gbinu,
Is-sies ta’ l-imhabba,
Tat-tama, tal-hidma
Ta’ gensna tal-Qedem.
Bejn ghorfa b’harruba ma’ genbha 465
U borg li xi darba kien bini,
Titfacca moghdija li tiehdok
F’dinja ohra, bhal kieku xi halla
Sahhara garritek fil-holma
Ta’ Genna li ghabet. 470
Mal-moghdija nzilt. Infetah
Bhal doqqajs quddiem ghajnejja:
Ghar hdejn l-iehor. X’uhud jinfdu,
Ohra le. F’nofshom isaltan
Mal-lemin ghar, li nebbahni 475
B’Ghar il-Qawwa – Ghar il-Kbir.

Above: Ghar il-Kbir
Hassejt jidwi f’widnejja l-kliem li kiteb
Il-Gezwita Olandiz fuq dawn l-Gherien,
U fuq min ghammar fihom: Twal, b’sahhithom
Ghaqlin, bizlin, mimlija b’gherf iz-zmien. 480
Ghonja n-nisa bi gmielhom u tjubithom,
Maghzulin il-familji minn xulxin;
Kull had qalb wahda – nies li haznu f’qalbhom
Gid Zmien id-Deheb, — u saltnu ferhanin.
Mimlija gid, fuq fommhom dejjem talba, 485
F’subghajhom il-Kuruna ta’ Marija,
Fuq soddthom Kristu Msallab jew Madonna,
F’harsthom il-hena, f’qalbhom it-tjubija.
Djarhom indaf, nadifa ruhhom; jilhqu
Ghomor mill-itwal. Ma jibdlux gherienhom 490
Mat-tlellix ta’ l-ibliet. – Saltna ta’ mhabba
Li ggaghalna nibku n-nar li dawwal zmienhom.
Nisel imbierek! Fqir, oghna mill-ghani;
Hobzu bin gharqu; nieqes u xebghan;
Zeblah il-frugha, tbissem fit-taqbida; 495
Minn gidu ghamel xrik, u mhux sultan.
Nibki x’hin nara din il-herba. Nibki
X’hin nerfa’ ghajnejja ‘l fuq, u nara mnejn
Darba leqqu l-imsiebah; kwiekeb twajba
Li dawlhom issa ntefa u gie fix-xejn. 500
Il-herba ssaltan fejn il-hajja tbissmet,
Xeghlet, u sfat fix-xejn bhal ziffa rih;
Il-herba ssaltan – herba kull fejn thares,
Herba fi hdan l-Gherien, herba fl-erwieh.
Bil-herba 505
Go qalbi
U d-dmugh fuq
Tlabt Musa
Ghannejja 510
Ta’ farag.
Tlajt, b’ruhi 515
Mid-dmugh tal-
U gbidt mal-
Moghdija. 520
Li taqsam
Ta’ qasam 525
Saqqajja, 530
Fejn darba
Dmugh niexi
Kien beka, 535
Garritni 540
Minn berah
U l-Wita
Lejn l-gholja 545
Fejn l-ewwel
Dwiet f’artna.
Minn barra 550
Bqajt sejjer.
Tan-Naxxar; 555
Ma’ l-ohra
Sa Bahar
San Pawl 560
Bhal porpra
Fuq manxar 565
Ta’ dawl.
Wassluni 570
Sa tarf ir-rahal li jitperrec l-oghla
Fost l-irhula ta’ Malta. Hrigt fil-berah
Lejn il-Birgum; u mal-lemin bqajt miexi!
Fuq il-blat gheri ta’ Gebel San Pietru,
Hotba li tghasses fuq il-Maghtab, qisha 575
Sultan kburi bejn zewg irsiera gwejda
–Wied Anglu u Wied il-Faham: Dawl u Dlam.
Inzilt moghdija fuq ir-rih tal-Maghtab;
Sibt ghar bi xbieha hierga minn gol-blat:
Kristu Mislub, b’qaddis fuq naha u ohra: 580
Kien Ghar l-Imhabba – l-Ghar ta’ San Brinkat.
Ghar ta' San Brinkat
Above: L-Ghar ta’ San Brinkat
Mill-bir li hemm go fih, gensna fl-imghoddi
Xorob u saqqu. Izda ma felahx
Jersaq ma’ tul il-lejl, ghaliex kien ighammar
Fid-dlam ta’ hdan il-Ghar Iben il-Wahx. 585
Saltan l-ghafried, sakemm mewga feddejja
Ressqet lejn dawn ix-xtajta tavla kbira
Bi Xbieha mqaddsa, li fil-Ghar intqieghdet:
X’baqa’ minn Bin id-Dlam, hlief it-tifkira?
Ghabet it-Tavla. F’lokha llum imnaqqxa 590
Hemm l-istess Xbieha, mnejn, b’harsa hanina
Jitbissmu Kristu Msallab, l-ewwel Papa.
U habibu, il-feddej ta’ Taormina.
U sal-lum, fuq artal fil-Knisja l-Kbira
Jixghel quddiem xbihietek dawl iz-zejt 595
B’xhieda ta’ mhabba, Isqof Martri, talli
Minn dwiefer l-ghadu l-Wied u r-Rahal fdejt.
U bist
Il-blat ta’ that ix-Xbieha. Ibbist
Il-qalb ta’ qalbi b’mant ta’ mhabba. Hmizt 600
Ir-rieda tieghi ma’ tal-Lehen. Irfist
B’rigel mghaggel minn imhabbti
Il-moghdija, li ghall-Maghtab
Bi knisjietu, tiehdok. Dort
Lejn it-tmiem ta’ Wied il-Ghasel. 605
Burmarrad, San Pawl il-Bahar,
U x-Xemxija tlaqt warajja;
Minn moghdija hdejn Ghar Berwaq
Tlajt; u nzilt ghal Wied il-Mistra.
Ghall-Punent mal-blat qabbadt 610
Tal-Mizieb. Qsamt il-Mellieha
–Labra mgawhra, f’nofsha mrekkna
L-oghna hagra – l-ewwel Maqdes
Ta’ Gziritna Nisranija—
U fuq rih Qasam Barrani 615
Grejt lejn gmielek, Gnien Ingraw,
Bl-Ghar, li fuqek ghadu jsaltan
Bil-holmiet ta’ tifkirietu.
Kif qrobt lejh hassejt is-seher
Li Kalipso darba nisget 620
Ma’ l-eghruq ta’ qalb il-Bahri.
Mohhi ddawwal b’dawl il-hjiel:
Ghar Kalipso – Ghar il-Gmiel.
Fid-dell ta’ dan il-blat, fejn l-ghodod ghenu
Lin-Natura biex thaffer dawn l-Gherien, 625
Dhalt fis-Saltna tal-Grajja. Il-mohh ittajjar
‘Il b’ghod ‘il b’ghod fil-lejl ta’ l-ewwel zmien.
Rajt lil Merkurju, mheggeg minn Minerva,
Bil-gwienah ma’ riglejh riesaq bhal rih
Lejn l-Ghar fejn, mghasses minn ghajnejn l-imhabba 630
Ulisse jnin ghal artu bla mistrieh.
B’ghana li jsahhar, fuq l-insig tat-tila
Imdehba, mzewqa b’ilwien il-qawsalla,
Tixtieq tinseg Kalipso bhal ghanqbuta
Li tifirdu minn fejn qalbu kien halla. 635
Imdawwar sigar fejn ic-cawl u l-isqra
Ibejtu, mdellel b’dielja u mhenni bl-ghana
Ta’ l-ilma jnixxi, jsahhrek bi sbuhitu
L-Ghar fejn Kalipso tghix u thobb, setghana.

Above: Calypso, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odyssey
Below: The author’s choice for Calypso’s Cave, Malta


Izda mal-migja ta’ Merkurju, ghabet 640
Setghet l-imhabba. U ghab fix-xejn il-qlugh
Li garr ‘l Ulisse ‘l boghod, waqt li Kalipso
Ma ratx quddiemha hlief saltniet id-dmugh.
Hekk halla mnizzel l-Ghannej Ghama. Bierku
‘L Ghar Kalipso l-bnedmin; birkuh l-Allat. 645
Illum is-skiet ihaddnu: xejn ma fadal
Hlief nicca ‘l hawn u ‘l hinn, f’hogor il-blat.
Bist dak il-blat, u nzilt Qasam Barrani,
Tlajt il-Qammieh, ilhaqt il-Marfa, Garr
Lili u ‘l imhabbti qlugh hanin. Il-Fliegi 650
Qsamt – u ma damx ma tani l-kenn l-Imgarr.
Kif rigli meddejt fuq ic-caghqi
Li ighanni max-xejra tal-mewga melliesa,
Bqajt miexi mal-bahar.
Warajja, fil-gholi 655
Hallejt lil Chambray. Rdum it-Tafal
Skorrejt. Kif ilhaqt ix-Xatt l-Ahmar,
Mill-ponta, terraqt, tal-Mellieha,
Sa rkibt Ras il-Hobz, u ftit wara
Ilmaht qisu holma mudlama 660
It-Torri, li darba zamm l-ghassa
Biex Iben il-Mislem le jhannex
(F’ghajnejh ghatx id-demm)
Ma’ kenn gnub il-Wied
Li jwassal sa truf ix-Xewkija. 665
Mit- Torri, quddiemi
Rajt Wied is-Sabbar
Li jofroq il-berah
Tax-xaghra, li tifrex
Saltnietha ta’ saghtar 670
Sa xifer l-iswar
Ta’ Cenc; u sal-logog
Mhennija bil-fwieha
Ta’ riednu u merdqux,
Imzejna bid-dahka 675
Tal-qronfol, mistura
Minn pal u harrub
Fi skietek, Sannat,
Fi gmielek, Munxar.
Hallejt mal-lemin 680
It-Torri. Mir-Ramla
Ghall-Wied; sa ma qbadt
Il-Misrah ta’ Limbert f’tarf ix-Xewkija
U rajt Ghar; u hassejt lehen go fija
Jidwi, kif jaghmel fuq ix-xaghri r-rih: 685
“Idhol. Dan Ghar ir-Reqqa – Ghar ix-Xih.”
Fittixt il-kenn ta’ dellek, Ghar, fejn darba
Ghamel ix-Xih il-haqq fuq il-bnedmin;
Minn fommok rajt l-gherien, fejn kienu jhallsu
U jsaffu kruh hzunithom il-hatjin. 690
Rajt, f’nofs il-Ghar, il-post fejn darba, gebla
Kienet it-Tron tal-Haqq. Jahasra, Ilum
Il-bluha li ma tafx tghozz gid l-Imghoddi
Gerbitha minn imkienha ghal qiegh l-irdum.
Jitwaqqa’ l-Gebel. Izda min se’ jwaqqa’ 695
Gebel l-imhabba li mal-gid jew l-hemm
Ma tixxejjirx, li tiflah riefnu u bnazzi
Ghax mibnija fuq sies ta’ dmir u demm?
Bist fejn darba riglejn missirijietna
Rifsu biex jigru wara l-haqq. Imbaghad 700
Hrigt fil-berah. Qudiemi, Mgarr ix-Xini
Rajt, ghadira ta’ deheb; u fil-witat
Tal-bahar u ta’ l-art, rajt ilwien is-seher
Ta’ nzul ix-xemx qed jinsgu d-dell tal-lum
Mad-dawl ta’ ghada. “Is-Sliem ghalik, gejjieni”, 705
Ghajjatt, “mela min-nghas gensna se jqum,
Hieni ghax hieles minn semm il-mibeghda,
Kbir ghad li ckejken, ghani ghad li fqir,
Ghaliex m’hemmx ifqar minn min laghab gibe hutu
U radd il-qima lejn min zammu rsir. 710
Meta, bhal dari, sejrin nuru x’tiswa
Qawwet l-ahwa, f’qalb wahda maghqudin,
Kif darba wrew missirijietna, mkabbra
Li gharaqhom ghasar tletin elf fjorin?”
Hawn, fejn ghammar u zdied il-gens ewlieni 715
Ta’ din il-Gzira, u fejn mit-Tempju, nstema’
Lehen il-Fidwa, fhimt li ghau mohbi
L-Ghogol tad-deheb. Izda mhux fl-art; fis-sema
Jehtieg li l-Malti jfittex dik il-Mohba
Li hallew niesna; biex kull min irid, 720
Isib l-ghasel fil-blat; il-ward fix-xaghri,
L-hena fid-dmugh, u fis-Salib il-gid.
Fuq ir-rih ta’ Wied Hanzira
Qbadt it-trejqa dejqa
Li tifridlek Triq Sannat 725
Sa ma twasslek f’tarf ir-Rabat.
Minn hawnhekk ilmaht il-hdura,
Mantar xieraq li jinfirex
Fuq il-gmiel ta’ l-isbah Wied
Ta’ Gzirietna, li jitbissem 730
Ghat-tgelgil tal-Ghajn il-Kbira
Bejn ir-Rabat u ta’ Kercem.
Qalbi harget biex inzuru;
Izda x-xemx kienet inhbiet
Wara gholjiet Ghar Ilma u Dbiegi. 735
Dhalt ir-Rabat. Gewwa l-knisja
Ta’ min l-ghana sab fil-faqar,
Iltqajt m’Ajk li qalli: “Xewqtek
Hi li tara l-Ghar fejn darba
Sabu darhom l-eremiti. 740
Imxi wrajja.” Inzilna tarag
Mohbi ghal ghajnejn il-kotra.
B’dawl it-torca, l-Ajk urieni
Ghar imdahhan. “Dan hu l-ahhar
Fost l-Gherien li Malta tridek 745
Tqim bi zjartek, Ghar in-Niket.
Grejt mal-Gzejjer biex fil-biki
Tizra’ dmughek – dmugh is-soghba –
Issa terga’ lura tifrah,
Fuq dirghajk qatet il-barka 750
Ta’ min habb. Min fid-dmugh jizra’,
Jahsad fl-hena.” B’dan il-kliem
L-Ajk dahhalni f’Ghar is-Sliem.
Tani t-torca; u ghab fid-dalma
Ta’ guf l-art. Hassejtni wahdi 755
Kif qabel qatt. Minn saqaf l-Ghar, nifduni
Bla ma rajthom, eluf u eluf t’ghajnejn:
Hassejt, bla rajt, ghajnejn bic-ciera; ghajnejn
Jitbissmu; jibku, jidhku; jisthu; jbierku; 760
Merfugha b’hajt in-niket; mixghulin
Bl-imhabba; mahnuqin fl-ghatx tat-tpattija;
Ghajnejn zoroq, hlewwiet it-tama; ghajnejn
Suwed b’satriet i-weghda; ghajnejn mitfija 765
Fil-griz ta’ min hu minsi; ghajnejn sakrana
Bil-qilla u bit-tkabbir; ghajnejn xebghana;
Ghajnejn imgewha
Ghajnejn il-Hazen,
Ghajnejn it-tieba. 770
Ghajnejn l-Imghoddi
Bil-gid u d-deni tieghu, bit-taghlim
Li biss iz-zmien jaf jaghti; bit-twemmin
Li fil-gejjieni ghad titbissem Xemx
Li minn fuq artna ma tintemmx. 775
Tal-Ghar fejn talbu l-ewwel Rohba, tlabt
U bu dmugh saqqejt il-qieghda mqaddsa.
Ftakart fid-dawl mixghul, meta fuq artna
Tefa’, riefnu hanin, lil Dawl il-Gnus;
Ftakart fid-dawl tal-Katakombi, meta 780
Fid-dawl tax-xemx saltan Il-Mislem. Toni
Bajjada deher quddiemi, qalbu xrara
Ta’ mhabba lejn din l-Art. Lil Dun Mikiel
Rajtu jnehhi minn wiccu l-ghamad, hieni
Ihares lejn il-mewt. Smajt Lehen ighajjat 785
Ismijiet kbar u mqaddsa, midfunin
That irhamiet il-bruda, waqt li jmisshom
Minquxa f’qalbna u mghollijin fi blietna
Ghal gieh li ma jafx tmiem.
“Ghajb, ghajb ghalina,”
Ghajjat il-Lehen, “li sas-sema nghollu 790
Lill-barranin, u ‘l gensna u ‘l demmna nkasbru!”
Harget tnehida minn qiegh l-Ghar, li tfietli
Id-dawl tat-torca. Id-Dlam ghattanni; il-biza’
Rikibni, ghaliex hassejt li ma kontx wahdi
Go dak il-Wahx; u li min kien ma’ dwari 795
Ma kienx ta’ din id-dinja.
“Id-dlam li cekknek,”
Lil-Lehen ergajt smajt, “hu d-dlam, biex tifhem
Kemm hu sabih id-Dawl ta’ min jiftakar!”
Siket il-Lehen, 800
Rasi f’dirghajja
Dfint, u b’xufftejja
Missejt il-qiegha
F’bewsa ta’ soghba.
U hrigt fil-berah.
Hassejt, hanina, 805
Id tmelles xaghri.
Sibt ruhi
Taht dell imsahhar
Ta’ sigra xiha. 810
U kienet fergha
Dik l-id hanina
Li kienet mellset
Rasi ghajjiena.
Bhall-ghanja li giet 815
U f’qalbi halliet
Gheliem li ma jmurx mal-mawrien
Tal-grajja taz-zmien.
Instemghet fil-berah is-sejha
Ta’ seher l-imhabba: 820
U qalbi wegbitha.
Il-Belt, 8 ta’ Settembru, 1957

41 Mill-qawl “Marzu Marzellu, ahraq il-moxt u r-rixtellu”. Ghax Marzu tant jaf jaghmel bard, meta jrid, li jgieghlek tahraq dawn iz-zewg ghodod ta’ l-insig, biex tishon.

47 Fidloqqom: xitla bil-warda kahla zghira, ghamla ta’ stilla. Ighalluha ghas-soghla.

49 Ix-xewk jaghmel warda li go nofsha jkollha bhal hajt tal-harir, abjad jew vjola. (Thistle)

51 Hafura: haxixa li ma taghmilx ward. Fit-tarf taz-zokk irqiq taghha ghandha bhal gliegel.

53 Leblieba: ghandha warda qisha qanpiena. Kampanella selvagga.

54 Gargir: haxix jaghmel warda zghira bajda.

55 Habb-il-qamh: xitla taghmel warda sabiha, lewn roza skur.

57 Bebuna: l-Inglizi jsejhula daisy.

58 Xeht-ir-rih: tikber kullimkien, is-sena kollha. (Wall pellitory)

59 Hannewija: il-ward tal-hannewija jinfetah qisu halq ta’ xi animal.

60 Lehjet-ix-Xih: ighidulu wkoll “Salvina” jew “Issopu” (Mediterranean heather)

61 Harira-hamra: Scarlet pimpernel

62 Berwieq: Branched asphodel

63 Papocci: Forget-me-not

150 Jasar il-Mislem: il-hakma f’Malta tas-Saracini lib diet fis-sena 870 AD u damet fuq mitejn sena, sal-migja tal-Konti Ruggieru.

153 Mixjet il-Quran: ir-rebha tal-Maltin u L-Ordni ta San Gwann fuq l-Ottomani fl-1565.

154 Wied Qirda: fejn il-Maltin qerdu t-truppi Francizi wara r-rewwixta kontra l-hakma taghhom.

156 Il-George Cross.

194-195 Maqdes tal-Lehen: Il-kamra ta’ l-Oraklu, fil-Hypogeum.
Il-Hofra tat-Twegib: il-hofra fil-hajt li sservi biex tkabbar il-lehen.

199 Minn “Maleth” that il-Fenici u l-Kartaginizi, Malta saret “Melita” that ir-Rumani, li ghamluha Municipju.

201 Il-Belt l-antika, li kien jisimha wkoll Melita, giet imsejha Mdina mill-Musulmani matul il-mitejn sena ta’ hakma fuq dawn il-gzejjer.

214 Is-Sigra tal-Hajja: fis-saqaf tal-Kamra ta’ l-Oraklu, hemm impingija bl-ahmar bhal sigra.

243 Il-leggenda tghid li wara li Malta helset mill-Mawmettani bil-migja tal-Konti Ruggieru, Hasan, ilsir, seraq tfajla Maltija u hadha mieghu fl-ghar li ghadu jgib ismu. Kien ser iharrabha fuq gifen, izda ma rnexxilux. Qatel ghalhekk lit-tfajla Maltija, u hu qabez il-bahar.

277 Profil il-Mara: blata fuq ix-xellug ta’ min jittawwal minn Ghar Hasan, kbira u gholja, li tixbah mara bil-qieghda.

287 Il-Kwadru ta’ din il-knisja jinsab iz-Zurrieq. Fuq dan kiteb Dun Loreto Zammit.

291 Il balal

297 Ras Artal: blata hekk imsemmija minhabba suritha.

326 Ghar Hanzir: ghar taz-zminijiet l-aktar imbieghda. Kien jinghalaq b’gebla kbira, li ghadha hemm.

341 Ir-Razul: l-Appostlu Missierna San-Pawl.

358 Mijiet ta’ slaleb: dari kienu jahsbu li min jidhol go Ghar Hanzir ma jkunx jista johrog jekk ma jhazzizx jew ma jpoggix salib mal-hajt.

375 Il-Knisja ta’ Hal Farrug, li kienet taghmel mal-Parrocca tal-Gudja, giet imwaqqgha matul l-ahhar gwerra minhabba l-aerodrome ta’ Hal Luqa.

380 Qrib Ghar Hanzir tinsab illum hazna ta’ ammunizzjon.

401 Suor Maria De Dominicis, li kient ghenet lis-surmast taghha, Mattia Preti, fit-tpingija tas-saqaf ta’ San Gwann.

434 Athanasius Kircher, S.J. kien mistieden fl-1637 mill-Gran Mastru Lascaris fil-villa tal-Buskett. Minn hemm hadu jara l-Ghar il-Kbir, fejn kienu jghixu hafna familji Maltin. Skond dak li kiteb il-Patri Kircher fl-opra tieghu Mundus Subterraneus (“Id-Dinja ta’ That l-Art”), Volum II, Ktieb VIII, Kapitlu III, p. 119, dawn il-familji kienu jghaddu hajja tajba, nadifa u hienja.

457 Ir-raded tar-roti: Cart ruts.

480-482 Kircher. Op. cit.

487 Kircher. Ibid. p. 119 “Summa cum devotione suas quotidie orations peragunt precatorios globules continuo volvunt. Habent et in cryptus suis Crucifii et Beatae Virginis imagines decenti loco expositas.”

490-491 Kircher. Ibid.

499 L-imsiebah: ghad hemm fis-saqaf hafna mrabat mnejn kienu idendlu l-imsiebah, kif rahom il-Patri Kircher fuq tliet mit sena ilu.

535 Fatt li gara fi zmien il-Francizi: u dam sitt xhur. Ara L’Amore Speciale dell’ap. S. Paolo verso I Maltesi, ta’ Patri Carm. Mangion O>C., Tip SSmo. Nome, Rabat 1939. Dak iz-zmien ix-xbieha ta’ S. Pawl ma kelliehx nicca.

549 Skond it-tradizzjoni, l-ewwel konversjonijiet ghall-fidi Nisranija b’hidma ta’ l-Appostlu Missierna saru fin-Naxxar. Ghalhekk dan ir-rahal sabih u arjuz igib il-motto “Prior credidi” (“Kont l-ewwel li emmint”.)

567 San Pawl tat-Targa, wahda mill-isbah irkejjen ta’ Malta, mnejn tara tarf Wied il-Ghasel, il-Fortizza tal-Mosta, l-Gholjiet tal-Wardija, ix-xtajta tal-Lvant bis-Salini u b’San Pawl il-Bahar, bil-Gzejjer ta’ Selmunett, bl-Ahrax, Kemmuna, u Ghawdex.

572 Hal Gharghur – rahal sabih daqs kemm hu gholi.

597 Ix-xbieha li kien hemm fuq it-tavla, u li, meta din spiccat, giet imnaqqxa fil-blat tal-Ghar, fiha Kristu Msallab fin-nofs, San Pietru fuq naha, u San Pankrazju (li l-poplu bidel f’San Brinkat) fuq l-ohra. San Pankrazju ghex fi zmien Kristu, u kien dixxiplu tieghU; imbaghad, wara l-mewt ta’ Sidna, inghaqad ma’ San Pietru. Ippriedka l-Vangelu f’Taormina li taghha sar isqof. San Pietru mar jarah f’din il-belt, fejn San Pankrazju mbaghad miet martri. Qabel ma giet din ix-xbieha mqaddsa, fil-ghar u fil-wied ta’ tahtu kienu jaraw il-wahxijiet. Kif ix-xbieha tpoggiet ma dehrux izjed. Dan it-taghrif hadtu minn artiklu ta’ Dun Karm Vella fil-gazzetta Il-Bera tat-18 ta’ Novembru, 1955.

621 Il-Bahri: Ulisse, li wara li l-Griegi rebhu u harqu lil Troja, dam is-snin jiggerra fuq il-bahar sakemm mar f’artu Itaca. Fost l-artijiet li zar, kien hem mil-gzira ta’ Ogigia. Jekk din il-gzira hix Ghawdex jew Malta ma nafux. Il-bicca l-kbira jahsbu li hi Ghawdex.

638-647 Il-Ghar ta’ Kalipso tax-Xaghra f’Ghawdex jaf bih kulhadd. Izda hawn gherien ohrajn li jgibu dan l-isem, wiehed minnhom il-Mistra, u l-iehor fuq ir-rih ta’ Gnien Ingraw, il-Mellieha. Jiena zorthom it-tlieta. Mid-deskrizzjoni li jaghti tal-Ghar ta’ Kalipso Omero, fil-hames ktieb ta’ L-Odissea, jidher li hu wisq probabli li dan l-Ghar, jekk ezista, kien dak ta’ fuq Gnien Ingraw, il-Mellieha. F’dan l-ghar ghad baqa nicec mal-hitan, fejn forsi darba kien hemm idoli, imkissra wara meta, mal-migja tal-fidi Nisranija, inhass il-bzonn li jigu meqruda t-tifkiriet kollha ta’ zmien il-Pagani. L-Ghar hu kbir, fih hafna taqsim. Tahtu hemm wied, fejn l-ilma jimxi kif tghid l-Odissea: u kif inhu qieghed, sata’ darba, bhal l-Ghar ta’ l-Odissea, kien imdawwar bid-dwieli u s-sigar. B’dan ma rridx nidhol f’polemika, jew nipprova nisraq lil hbiebi ta’ Ghawdex mill-unur li ilhom tant igawdu. Biss, billi ghat-taqsim tal-poema deherli li ahjar dan l-Ghar nitfghu Malta, ipprofittajt ruhi minn din it-tradizzjoni li taghti Ghar ta’ Kalipso lill-Mellieha ukoll.

644 Ghannej Ghama: Omero.

656 Chambray: Il-fortizza li nbniet fi zmien il-Gran Mastru Pinto, bhala kenn ghan-nies ta’ Ghawdex f’kaz ta’ invazjoni. Il-Kavallier De Chambray hareg minn butu s-somma ta’ 40,000 skud ghall-bini ta’ din il-fortizza. Ghalhekk baqghet imsemmija ghalih.

661 It-Torri: ta’ Mgarr ix-Xini. F’din id-dahla ghadek tista’ tara l-imrabat fejn il-kavallieri kienu jorbtu x-xwieni taghhom.

686-690 Ghar ix-Xih issibu kif tohrog mill-misrah ta’ Limbert. Jghidulu hekk ghas fih ix-Xih, jew Imhallef, kien jaghmel gustizzja. Kien hemm gebla li kienet isservi ta’ tron, li xi nies bla ghaqal gerbu ghal gol-Wied. Ftit ‘l hinn minn Ghar ix-Xih hemm gherien li dari kienu jservu ta’ habs. It-taghrif fuq din it-tradizzjoni hadtu minn ghand s-Sur Lawrenz Zammit Haber, tax-Xewkija, u minghand is-Sur Manwel Mercieca, tar-Rabat, Ghawdex. Dan ta’ l-ahhar kellimni wkoll fuq it-tradizzjoni li tghid li that il-knisja ta’ San Frangisk tar-Rabat hemm gherien fejn darba kienu joqoghdu l-Eremiti. Kiteb fuq Ghar ix-Xih il-Patri Manwel Magri S.J., f’Ruins of a Megalithic Temple at Xewchia. Gozo, 1906.

714 Tletin elf fjorin: Fl-1427 meta l-Maltin, b’sagrificcji kbar tal-poplu kollu, kbar u zghar, gabru din is-somma, kbira hafna ghal dak iz-zmien, biex jifdu ‘l Malta minn that idejn Gonsalvo Monroi. Id-deputazzjoni Maltija li marret ghand ir-Re Alfonso f’din l-okkazjoni giet milqugha bl-unuri kollha f’Palermo fit-3 ta’ Jannar, 1427. Ir-Re ta lir-rapprezentanti diploma li fiha sejjah lil Malta “Membrum insigne” tas-saltna, u stqarr li l-Maltin kienu jistghu jirrezistu mqar bil-vjolenza u b’rivoluzjoni kontra min jipprova jisirqilhom id-drittijiet taghhom ghal-liberta. Kien minn din l-okkazjoni ‘l hawn li l-belt ewlenija ta’ dak iz-zmien giet imsejha bl-isem “Rbs Notabilis” jew “Citta’ Notabile”, flok l-isem Mislem ta’ Mdina.

718 Ghogol tad-Deheb: Ighidu n-nies tax-Xewkija li fir-rahal taghhom ghammru l-ewwel abitanti ta Ghawdex. Fl-inhawi ta’ fejn tinsab il-knisja parrokjali kien hemm fl-antik tempju bhal dak ta’ Hagar Qim u l-Ggantija. Tghid it-tradizzjoni li n-nies li kienu f’dan it-tempju semghu lehen San Pawl li kien qieghed jippriedka l-Vangelu f’Malta. Gebel minn dan it-tempju, ighidilna l-Patri Manwel Magri S.J. (Op. cit), tkisser ghall-bini ta’ hitan tas-sejjieh, u anki ghall-bini tal-knisja parrokjali ta’ qabel dik li ghadha kif tlestiet f’dan ir-rahal. F’hafna nhawi ta’ Ghawdex jinghad li hemm mohbi ghogol tad-deheb; biex ma nsemmix dak li x’uhud ighidu li hemm midfun f’wied ta’ that Selmun, f’Malta. Kien hemm zmien meta hasbu li f’Ghawdex hemm minjiera tad-deheb. Imma d-deheb ta’ niesna mhux hlief il-Fidi, li m’hemmx bzonn thaffer ghaliha!

723 L-isbah wied: Wied il-Lunzjata.

737 San Frangisk ta’ Assisi

740 L-eremti: hemm tradizzjoni li tghid li that il-knisja ta’ San Frangisk, fil-belt Vittorja, Ghawdex, go gherien darba ghammru l-ewwel Frangiskani li gew f’din il-gzira. (Ara n-nota ghall-versi 686-690)




And a voice came human but high up,
Like a cottage climbed among
The clouds; or a serf of hut and croft
That sits by his hovel fire as oft,
But hears on his old bare roof aloft
A belfry burst in song.

“The gates of heaven are lightly locked,
We do not guard our gain,
The heaviest hind may easily
Come silently and suddenly
Upon me in a lane.

“And any little maid that walks
In good thoughts apart,
May break the guard of the Three Kings
And see the dear and dreadful things
I hid within my heart.

“The meanest man in grey fields gone
Behind the set of sun,
Heareth between star and other star,
Through the door of the darkness fallen ajar,
The council, eldest of things that are,
The talk of the Three in One.

“The gates of heaven are lightly locked,
We do not guard our gold,
Men may uproot where worlds begin,
Or read the name of the nameless sin;
But if he fail or if he win
To no good man is told.

“The men of the East may spell the stars,
And times and triumphs mark,
But the men signed of the cross of Christ
Go gaily in the dark.

“The men of the East may search the scrolls
For sure fates and fame,
But the men that drink the blood of God
Go singing to their shame.

“The wise men know what wicked things
Are written on the sky,
They trim sad lamps, they touch sad strings,
Hearing the heavy purple wings,
Where the forgotten seraph kings
Still plot how God shall die.

“The wise men know all evil things
Under the twisted trees,
Where the perverse in pleasure pine
And men are weary of green wine
And sick of crimson seas.

“But you and all the kind of Christ
Are ignorant and brave,
And you have wars you hardly win
And souls you hardly save.

“I tell you naught for your comfort,
Yea, naught for your desire,
Save that the sky grows darker yet
And the sea rises higher.

“Night shall be thrice night over you,
And heaven an iron cope.
Do you have joy without a cause,
Yea, faith without a hope?”

Even as she spoke she was not,
Nor any word said he,
He only heard, still as he stood
Under the old night’s nodding hood,
The sea-folk breaking down the wood
Like a high tide from sea.

He only heard the heathen men,
Whose eyes are blue and bleak,
Singing about some cruel thing
Done by a great and smiling king
In daylight on a deck.

He only heard the heathen men,
Whose eyes are blue and blind,
Singing what shameful things are done
Between the sunlit sea and the sun
When the land is left behind.









Fastitocalon” is a poem by J. R. R. Tolkien about a beast of the same name. The setting is Middle-earth. It is included in The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, and told a similar story to that of The Whale. As such, Tolkien imported the traditional tale of the aspidochelone into the lore of his Middle-earth. Fastitocalon, the central character, is the last of the mighty turtle-fish. This poem is well-known to the Hobbits. It tells of how Fastitocalon’s huge size enticed sailors to land on its back. After the sailors lit a fire upon Fastitocalon, it dove underwater, causing the sailors to drown. The Fastitocalon was the size of a small island and vegetation would often grow on its back when not submerged, adding to the illusion that it was an actual island. It is never explained whether the turtle-fish were an actual race in Middle-earth or fictional characters created solely for the poem. It is distinctly possible that the story is in fact an allegory of the fall of Númenor. Like the Fastitocalon, Númenor too sank below the waves, and drowned most of its inhabitants.




Emanuele Luzzati



con la magica bacchetta
sopra il monte di rimpetto
proprio in cima, sulla vetta,
fa spuntare un castelletto,
un palazzo maledetto:
vi son dentro cento bestie
affacciate alle finestre.

Lunga la foglia, larga la via
ecco che Gano fa un’altra magia:
le cento bestie si son tramutate
in cento donne a forma di fate,
tutte affacciate alla finestra,
con tre corone sopra la testa.

A quella vista non c’è chi resista:
le cento fate danno una festa
e i paladini han già perso la testa,
perdon la testa, perdon l’onore
e nel castel resta sol Biancofiore.
Excerpt of

Storia seconda, storia tremenda,
che sembra quasi una leggenda:
nel maniero arrivano i mori
e ne combinan di tutti i colori,
di rosso, di verde, di giallo, di blu…



Emanuele Luzzati (1921-2007) a sei anni sognava
di fare il cuoco o il pittore. Gli piaceva disegnare e
passava anche tutto il giorno a colorare i suoi schizzi.
Dei libri guardava più che altro le illustrazioni.
Ma prima di poterne realizzare lui stesso dovette
diventare famoso con le scenografie per il teatro.
Per Gallucci ha illustrato Alla Fiera dell’Est,
Pasqualino Marajà, L’armata Brancaleone e Ho visto
un Re. Di alcune storie scriveva anche i testi, come
per I paladini e per le sue versioni de L’uccello di fuoco, I tre fratelli,
La ragazza cigno e Cantastorie (Gallucci). Più di tutto, però, lo
appassionava disegnare – raccontava – perché poteva farlo pensando
solo a cosa sarebbe piaciuto a lui da bambino.


Mr Emanuele Luzzati was an Italian illustrator and cartoonist of renown. By clicking above you can download a sample of one of his first animations – movie / cartoon – in book format, titled ‘I Paladini di Francia’.

Of all his works this is probably my personal favourite as it embodies European tradition and legend in an artistic and comical format. However do note that although ‘I Paladini di Francia’ is an animation for kids of the 1970s – ever present are the under tones of sin – love – witchcraft – apostasy – faith – pertaining to the experience of people living in this region of the world (Middle-East, North Africa and Europe). Alas, I cannot come across such depth in fables created elsewhere having a complete cycle of Judeo / Christian elements and not stopping or focusing too much on lets say one portion of this cycle, such as witchcraft. Historically the Mediterranean has seen Luzzati’s episodes, case in point ‘Italiana in Algeri’. Emanuele Luzzati himself was Jewish, one of his last animations being ‘Gerusalemme’ Jerusalem.

Examining further ‘I Paladini di Francia’ – an influencing story which must have impressed Luzzati and his colleagues would have been the famous Medieval epic ‘Chanson de Roland’ and ‘History of Charles the Great’. ‘Paladini di Francia’ is also seasoned with the traditional stories known throughout Europe of St George and the Dragon and other tales where dames (maybe blond maybe not) were saved from dragons having appetites for sacrifice and a basic primordial devouring hunger. Essays could be written on the anthropological significance of blood sacrifices pertaining to ancient ignorant heathen pagan cultures (still around in the occult / secret society / witch format today) but we need not enter such debates. JRR Tolkien must have also been inspired by Roland who after having blown his horn to bits was killed, abandoned and betrayed to be found by his uncle Charles. In JRR Tolkien’s tale we have Boromir who betrays himself and suffers death after blowing his Gondorian horn, found later by Aragorn.

However, the points which impress me most about ‘I Paladini di Francia’ is the detail of the cycle. Hero needs to save dame, Gano betrays them all and with magik conjures a castle filled with 100 beasts. Beasts turn into beautiful women (babes) who allure the knights away from Biancafiore. The witchcraft occurs yes, but also in the form of lust. Knights murdered by lust – princess stolen by Gano – hero follows Gano – now the Islamists arrive (I doubt that Luzzati is referring to moderate muslims here, no not so) he is speaking of vile Islamists who love beheading knights fallen beneath the sinful weight of witchcraft and lust as also anyone else who happens to be around! The hero has to fight a dragon, dragon devours the enemy etc etc Biancafiore is saved. A beautiful tale, traditional, true and to the point…


End time effigy found in the Duomo di Pisa, the same Cathedral where Galileo Galilei observed the following –

“While in the Pisa cathedral during his first year at the university, Galileo supposedly observed a lamp swinging and found that the lamp always required the same amount of time to complete an oscillation, no matter how large the range of the swing. Later in life Galileo verified this observation experimentally and suggested that the principle of the pendulum might be applied to the regulation of clocks.” http://abyss.uoregon.edu/(squiggly)js/glossary/galileo.html

The end of the time swing…